EUROPEAN PINE WOOD

Pine wood has a long history, it has been used since time immemorial. Pine wood, after spruce, is currently the most commonly used coniferous wood in the world.

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ORIGIN

As pine wood is common throughout Europe, it is clear that the quality of the wood and the sapwood ratio strongly depends on its growth area. To the north, where it is colder, trees grow at a slower pace, resulting in fine-grained wood. Depending on the soil, it generally means that the wood from northern Europe is of a higher quality and is harder. Pine wood is resinous wood, and experience has taught us that it becomes harder through ageing.

  • Botanical name: Pinus Sylvestris
  • Growth area: Europe and northern Asia
  • Species: coniferous wood

WE MAINLY BUY FROM:

  • North and Central Sweden
  • Finland and Norway
  • Germany

Its beautiful look and feel combined with a good price turn pine wood into an attractive wood type with an aesthetic value. It is straight-grained and has a fine to moderate texture. Naturally, all Scandinavian wood comes from sustainably managed forests.

NAME

In Scandinavia, the name for pine wood is ‘furu’, and we also use ‘Scots pine’ for pine wood. On average, pine trees are about 35 metres in height and are 30 to 60 cm in diameter. The tree is straight and cylindrical and the branches grow in a wreath shape; as a result, pine wood has larger pieces of knot-free wood than spruce, for example. This means that the wood on the outside of the trunk, also called ‘sideboards’, is all but knot-free.

RESPONSIBLY PRODUCED WOOD

The majority is PEFC™ certified, but FSC® certified wood is also possible. We are both PEFC™ and FSC® certified.

VIBRANT ATMOSPHERE

The heartwood is dark yellow to red-brown and contrasts with the sapwood that has a light-yellow colour. Moreover, the springwood and summerwood create a significant colour difference. Quarter sawn wood has a striped pattern and flat sawn wood has a flame pattern.

The wood from young trees contains a high percentage of sapwood, as pine trees only start to form heartwood after about 25 years. Tests show that this sapwood is not inferior to heartwood from a mechanical point of view. However, under damp conditions, the sapwood is susceptible to mould, which could cause the wood to turn blue.

CHARACTERISTICS

Pine wood can be quickly and easily dried in the air or artificially. Thick wood, especially when it has been heart cleft must be dried carefully to prevent warping and tearing. However, if the wood has been properly dried, there is only a slight tendency for the wood to warp. Pine wood is resinous wood, and sometimes the resin ducts can be identified as tiny stripes. Freshly sawed or planed pine wood gives off a pleasant resin or turpentine scent. This scent eventually disappears, but when old wood is processed again, it will smell as new. Very resinous wood must be ‘degreased’ prior to glueing or applying paint or varnish. Processing pine wood, or using nails, screws and glue gives little to no problems.

Zaandijk – Restoration monument building – 2020

Restorer Bart Nieuwenhuijs, specialising in 17th and 18th century Zaanse wood construction, such as mills and warehouses, deconstructed the 17th-century house of Hero de Jager in Koog aan de Zaan in 2004 and is currently building it again in Zaandijk. As the building is a registered monument, the original materials need to be reused as far as possible. Pine wood was used next to the original beams, and we also provided Western Red Cedar facade cladding and European larch (for the alley side).

Leuven – Construction of Contius organ – 2016

Flentrop orgelbouw is responsible for the construction of this organ in the style of H.A. Contius, which is located in the Church of St. Michael in Leuven. The organ was built in the church in the same place as the historical Le Picard organ that was lost during an Allied bombing in May 1944.

A WOOD TYPE WITH
A LARGE RANGE OF POSSIBILITIES

APPLICATIONS

Pine wood is used for many purposes. A vital aspect of this is the quality and area of origin of the wood. Nowadays, pine wood is mostly imported from Scandinavia as a semi-finished product and sorted according to specific quality classes; in the Netherlands according to KVH2000. Applications include, among other things, floor boards, interior cladding, ceiling boards, facade frames, furnitures, door frames, profiles, heavy constructions, packaging, etc.

For exterior window frames, sapwood outside of the rails is not recommended. Due to its ‘open’ structure, the sapwood can be properly impregnated however. As a result, pine wood, if preserved, is also extremely well-suited for exterior purposes.

SIZES

We have an ample range of sizes. The available dimensions can be downloaded here as a PDF.

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